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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Spectrum of mutations in the OCRL1 gene in the Lowe oculocerebrorenal syndrome.

The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) is a multisystem disorder characterized by congenital cataracts, mental retardation, and renal Fanconi syndrome. The OCRL1 gene, which, when mutated, is responsible for OCRL, encodes a 105-kD Golgi protein with phosphatidylinositol (4,5)bisphosphate (PtdIn[4,5]P2) 5-phosphatase activity. We have examined the OCRL1 gene in 12 independent patients with OCRL and have found 11 different mutations. Six were nonsense mutations, and one a deletion of one or two nucleotides that leads to frameshift and premature termination. In one, a 1.2-kb genomic deletion of exon 14 was identified. In four others, missense mutations or the deletion of a single codon were found to involve amino acid residues known to be highly conserved among proteins with PtdIns(4,5)P2 5-phosphatase activity. All patients had markedly reduced PtdIns(4,5)P2 5-phosphatase activity in their fibroblasts, whereas the ocrl1 protein was detectable by immunoblotting in some patients with either missense mutations or a codon deletion but was not detectable in those with premature termination mutations. These results confirm and extend our previous observation that the OCRL phenotype results from loss of function of the ocrl1 protein and that mutations are generally heterogeneous. Missense mutations that abolish enzyme activity but not expression of the protein will be useful for studying structure-function relationships in PtdIns(4,5)P2 5-phosphatases.[1]


  1. Spectrum of mutations in the OCRL1 gene in the Lowe oculocerebrorenal syndrome. Lin, T., Orrison, B.M., Leahey, A.M., Suchy, S.F., Bernard, D.J., Lewis, R.A., Nussbaum, R.L. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
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