The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determinants of PHGPx expression in a cultured endothelial cell line.

Selenoprotein biosynthesis may not only be affected by the availability of selenium and the transcription rate of pertinent genes but also by the activity of components of the selenocysteine incorporation complex, SelA, B, C, or D. Incorporation of selenocysteine into selenoproteins requires a complex co-translational mechanism guaranteeing the correct recoding of the termination codon TGA as selenocysteine codon. A particular tRNA(Ser)(Sec) is enzymatically transformed by selenophosphate into tRNA(Sec) which recognizes the UGA codon by means of a specific elongation factor (SelB) and a peculiar mRNA secondary structure. Selenophosphate is formed from selenide and ATP by the SelD gene product, selenophosphate synthase (SelD). To further elucidate the biological role of phospholipid hydroperoxide GPx (PHG-Px), we transformed cells with a heterologous (pig) PHGPx gene and/or an additional (human) SelD gene and studied the behaviour of these cells under selenium depletion and repletion. Transfection of the endothelial cell line ECV 304 with either PHGPx cDNA or SelD cDNA did not result in a substantial increase of PHGPx activities, independent of selenium supply. However, cells co-transfected with both, PHGPx and SelD cDNA, expressed significantly higher PHGPx activity. This effect was much more pronounced under selenium limiting conditions. The enhanced PHGPx activity correlated with two functional parameters, increased capability to reduce hydroperoxides and less sensitivity against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity. Thus, the ECV cells, stably transfected with PHGPx and SelD cDNA, provide a model to specifically investigate the role of PHGPx in endothelial cell function.[1]


  1. Determinants of PHGPx expression in a cultured endothelial cell line. Brigelius-Flohé, R., Friedrichs, B., Maurer, S., Streicher, R. Biomed. Environ. Sci. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities