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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

OCA-B is a functional analog of VP16 but targets a separate surface of the Oct-1 POU domain.

OCA-B is a B-cell-specific coregulator of the broadly expressed POU domain transcription factor Oct-1. OCA-B associates with the Oct-1 POU domain, a bipartite DNA-binding structure containing a POU-specific (POU[S]) domain joined by a flexible linker to a POU homeodomain (POU[H]). Here, we show that OCA-B alters the activity of Oct-1 in two ways. It provides a transcriptional activation domain which, unlike Oct-1, activates an mRNA-type promoter effectively, and it stabilizes Oct-1 on the Oct-1-responsive octamer sequence ATGCAAAT. These properties of OCA-B parallel those displayed by the herpes simplex virus Oct-1 coregulator VP16. OCA-B, however, interacts with a different surface of the DNA-bound Oct-1 POU domain, interacting with both the POU(S) and POU(H) domains and the center of the ATGCAAAT octamer sequence. The OCA-B and VP16 interactions with the Oct-1 POU domain are sufficiently different to permit OCA-B and VP16 to bind the Oct-1 POU domain simultaneously. These results emphasize the structural versatility of the Oct-1 POU domain in its interaction with coregulators.[1]


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