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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amyloid precursor protein processing in sterol regulatory element- binding protein site 2 protease-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cells.

Amyloid peptides of 39-43 amino acids (Abeta) are the major constituents of amyloid plaques present in the brains of Alzheimer's (AD) patients. Proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by the yet unidentified beta- and gamma-secretases leads to the generation of the amyloidogenic Abeta peptides. Recent data suggest that all of the known mutations leading to early onset familial AD alter the processing of APP such that increased amounts of the 42-amino acid form of Abeta are generated by a gamma-secretase activity. Identification of the beta- and/or gamma-secretases is a major goal of current AD research, as they are prime targets for therapeutic intervention in AD. It has been suggested that the sterol regulatory element-binding protein site 2 protease ( S2P) may be identical to the long sought gamma-secretase. We have directly tested this hypothesis using over-expression of the S2P cDNA in cells expressing APP and by characterizing APP processing in mutant Chinese hamster ovary cells that are deficient in S2P activity and expression. The data demonstrate that S2P does not play an essential role in the generation or secretion of Abeta peptides from cells, thus it is unlikely to be a gamma-secretase.[1]


  1. Amyloid precursor protein processing in sterol regulatory element-binding protein site 2 protease-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cells. Ross, S.L., Martin, F., Simonet, L., Jacobsen, F., Deshpande, R., Vassar, R., Bennett, B., Luo, Y., Wooden, S., Hu, S., Citron, M., Burgess, T.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
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