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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

hnRNP K: an HDM2 target and transcriptional coactivator of p53 in response to DNA damage.

In response to DNA damage, mammalian cells trigger the p53-dependent transcriptional induction of factors that regulate DNA repair, cell-cycle progression, or cell survival. Through differential proteomics, we identify heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K) as being rapidly induced by DNA damage in a manner that requires the DNA-damage signaling kinases ATM or ATR. Induction of hnRNP K ensues through the inhibition of its ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation mediated by the ubiquitin E3 ligase HDM2/MDM2. Strikingly, hnRNP K depletion abrogates transcriptional induction of p53 target genes and causes defects in DNA-damage-induced cell-cycle-checkpoint arrests. Furthermore, in response to DNA damage, p53 and hnRNP K are recruited to the promoters of p53-responsive genes in a mutually dependent manner. These findings establish hnRNP K as a new HDM2 target and show that, by serving as a cofactor for p53, hnRNP K plays key roles in coordinating transcriptional responses to DNA damage.[1]


  1. hnRNP K: an HDM2 target and transcriptional coactivator of p53 in response to DNA damage. Moumen, A., Masterson, P., O'Connor, M.J., Jackson, S.P. Cell (2005) [Pubmed]
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