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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protein footprinting at cysteines: probing ATP-modulated contacts in cysteine-substitution mutants of yeast DNA topoisomerase II.

Cysteine-substitution mutants of yeast DNA topoisomerase II were used to test footprinting of the enzyme by 2-nitro-5-thiocyanobenzoate, which cyanylates exposed cysteines in a native protein for peptide cleavage at the cyanylated sites upon unfolding and incubating the protein at pH 9. For a mutant enzyme containing a single cysteine, the extent of peptide cleavage was found to reflect the accessibility of the residue in the native protein. For proteins with multiple cysteines, however, such a correlation was obscured by the transfer of cyano groups from modified to unmodified cysteines during incubation of the unfolded protein at pH 9; accessibilities of the cysteinyl residues in a native protein could be assessed only if cyano shuffling was prevented by blocking uncyanylated sulfhydryls with a second thiol reagent. The successive use of two reagents in cysteine footprinting was applied in probing the ATP-modulated formation of contacts in yeast DNA topoisomerase II.[1]


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