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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Plasma clearance and liver uptake of chylomicron remnants generated by hepatic lipase lipolysis: evidence for a lactoferrin-sensitive and apolipoprotein E-independent pathway.

Chylomicrons labeled with [3H]cholesterol and [14C]triglyceride fatty acids were lipolyzed by hepatic lipase (HL) in vitro and then injected intravenously into normal mice fed low- or high-fat diets, and into apolipoprotein (apo) E-deficient mice. In normal mice fed the high-fat diet and injected with non-lipolyzed chylomicrons, the plasma clearance and hepatic uptake of the resulting [3H]cholesterol-labeled remnants was markedly inhibited. In contrast, chylomicrons lipolyzed by HL were taken up equally rapidly by the livers of mice fed the low- and high-fat diets. The removal of non-lipolyzed chylomicrons lacking apoE from the plasma of apoE-deficient mice was inhibited, but not the removal of chylomicrons lipolyzed by HL. Pre-injection of lactoferrin into normal mice inhibited the plasma clearance of both non-lipolyzed chylomicrons and chylomicrons lipolyzed by HL. The removal of HL from the surface of the lipolyzed particles by proteolytic digestion did not affect their rapid uptake, indicating that the hepatic recognition of the lipoproteins was not mediated by HL. These observations support previous findings that phospholipolysis of chylomicrons by hepatic lipase generates remnant particles that are rapidly cleared from circulation by the liver. They also support the concept that chylomicron remnants can be taken up by the liver by an apolipoprotein E-independent mechanism. We hypothesize that this mechanism is modulated by the remnant phospholipids and that it may involve their interaction with a phospholipid-binding receptor on the surface of hepatocytes such as the class B scavenger receptor BI.[1]


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