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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The N-terminal disulfide linkages of human insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-6 (hIGFBP-6) and hIGFBP-1 are different as determined by mass spectrometry.

The actions of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are modulated by a family of six high affinity binding proteins (IGFBPs 1-6). IGFBP-6 differs from other IGFBPs in having the highest affinity for IGF-II and in binding IGF-I with 20-100-fold lower affinity. IGFBPs 1-5 contain 18 conserved cysteines, but human IGFBP-6 lacks 2 of the 12 N-terminal cysteines. The complete disulfide linkages of IGFBP-6 were determined using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of purified tryptic peptide complexes digested with combinations of chymotrypsin, thermolysin, and endoproteinase Glu-C. Numbering IGFBP-6 cysteines sequentially from the N terminus, the first three disulfide linkages are Cys1-Cys2, Cys3-Cys4, and Cys5-Cys6. The next two linkages are Cys7-Cys9 and Cys8-Cys10, which are analogous to those previously determined for IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-5. The C-terminal linkages are Cys11-Cys12, Cys13-Cys14, and Cys15-Cys16, analogous to those previously determined for IGFBP-2. Disulfide linkages of IGFBP-1 were partially determined and show that Cys1 is not linked to Cys2 and Cys3 is not linked to Cys4. Analogous with IGFBP-3, IGFBP-5, and IGFBP-6, Cys9-Cys11 and Cys10-Cys12 of IGFBP-1 are also disulfide-linked. The N-terminal linkages of IGFBP-6 differ significantly from those of IGFBP-1 (and, by implication, the other IGFBPs), which could contribute to the distinctive IGF binding properties of IGFBP-6.[1]


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