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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dynamics of nitrotyrosine formation and decay in rat brain during focal ischemia-reperfusion.

The purpose of this study was to establish the dynamics of nitrotyrosine (NO2-Tyr) formation and decay during the rise of NO2-Tyr in rat brain subjected to 2-hour focal ischemia-reperfusion, and to evaluate the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in the rise. The authors first determined the half life of NO2-Tyr in rat brain at 24 hours after the start of reperfusion by blocking NO2-Tyr formation with N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine and after the decay of NO2-Tyr by means of a hydrolysis/HPLC procedure. The values obtained were approximately 2 hours in both peri-infarct and core-of-infarct regions. Using the same hydrolysis/HPLC procedure, the ratio of nitrotyrosine to tyrosine from the 2-hour occlusion to as much as 72 hours after the start of reperfusion was measured in the presence and absence of aminoguanidine (100 mg/kg intraperitoneally twice a day). In the absence of aminoguanidine, the ratio of NO2-Tyr in the peri-infarct and core-of-infarct regions reached 0.95% +/- 0.34% and 0.52% +/- 0.34%, respectively, at 1 hour after the start of reperfusion. The elevated levels persisted until 48 hours, then declined. The peri-infarct region showed the highest percent NO2-Tyr level, followed by the core of infarct, then the caudoputamen. Aminoguanidine significantly reduced NO2-Tyr formation (up to 90% inhibition) during 24 to 48 hours. The authors conclude that inducible nitric oxide synthase is predominantly responsible for NO2-Tyr formation, at least in the late phase of reperfusion. These results have important implications for the therapeutic time window and choice of nitric oxide synthase inhibitors in patients with cerebral infarction.[1]


  1. Dynamics of nitrotyrosine formation and decay in rat brain during focal ischemia-reperfusion. Takizawa, S., Fukuyama, N., Hirabayashi, H., Nakazawa, H., Shinohara, Y. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1999) [Pubmed]
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