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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The bioenergetics of brown fat mitochondria from UCP1-ablated mice. Ucp1 is not involved in fatty acid-induced de-energization ("uncoupling").

The bioenergetics of brown fat mitochondria isolated from UCP1-ablated mice were investigated. The mitochondria had lost the high GDP-binding capacity normally found in brown fat mitochondria, and they were innately in an energized state, in contrast to wild-type mitochondria. GDP, which led to energization of wild-type mitochondria, was without effect on the brown fat mitochondria from UCP1-ablated mice. The absence of thermogenic function did not result in reintroduction of high ATP synthase activity. Remarkably and unexpectedly, the mitochondria from UCP1-ablated mice were as sensitive to the de-energizing ("uncoupling") effect of free fatty acids as were UCP1-containing mitochondria. Therefore, the de-energizing effect of free fatty acids does not appear to be mediated via UCP1, and free fatty acids would not seem to be the intracellular physiological activator involved in mediation of the thermogenic signal from the adrenergic receptor to UCP1. In the UCP1-ablated mice, Ucp2 mRNA levels in brown adipose tissue were 14-fold higher and Ucp3 mRNA levels were marginally lower than in wild-type. The Ucp2 and Ucp3 mRNA levels were therefore among the highest found in any tissue. These high mRNA levels did not confer on the isolated mitochondria any properties associated with de-energization. Thus, the mere observation of a high level of Ucp2 or Ucp3 mRNA in a tissue cannot be taken as an indication that mitochondria isolated from that tissue will display innate de-energization or thermogenesis.[1]


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