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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oxidation of cytochrome c peroxidase to compound I by peroxyacids: evidence for rate-limiting diffusion through the protein matrix.

The rate of the reaction between p-nitroperoxybenzoic acid and cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) has been investigated as a function of pH and ionic strength. The pH dependence of the reaction between CcP and peracetic acid has also been determined. The rate of the reactions are influenced by two heme-linked ionizations in the protein. The enzyme is active when His-52 (pK(a) 3.8 +/- 0.1) is unprotonated and an unknown group with a pK(a) of 9.8 +/- 0.1 is protonated. The bimolecular rate constant for the reaction between peracetic acid and CcP and between p-nitroperoxybenzoic acid and CcP are (1.8 +/- 0.1) x 10(7) and (1.6 +/- 0.2) x 10(7) M(-)(1) s(-)(1), respectively. These rates are about 60% slower than the reaction between hydrogen peroxide and CcP. A critical comparison of the pH dependence of the reactions of hydrogen peroxide, peracetic acid, and p-nitroperoxybenzoic acid with CcP provides evidence that both the neutral and anionic forms of the two peroxyacids react directly with the enzyme. The peracetate and p-nitroperoxybenzoate anions react with CcP with rates of (1.5 +/- 0.1) x 10(6) and (1.6 +/- 0.2) x 10(6) M(-)(1) s(-)(1), respectively, about 10 times slower than the neutral peroxyacids. These data indicate that CcP discriminates between the neutral peroxyacids and their negatively charged ions. However, the apparent bimolecular rate constant for reaction between p-nitroperoxybenzoate and CcP is independent of ionic strength in the range of 0.01-1.0 M, suggesting that electrostatic repulsion between the anion and CcP is not the cause of the lower reactivity for the peroxybenzoate anion. The data are consistent with the hypothesis that the rate-limiting step for the oxidation of CcP to compound I by both neutral peroxyacid and the negatively charged peroxide ion is diffusion of the reactants through the protein matrix, from the surface of the protein to the distal heme pocket.[1]


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