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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adenosine A(2) receptors inhibit morphine self-administration in rats.

In the present study, the effect of adenosine receptor agonists and antagonists on morphine self-administration was investigated. Intravenous administration of morphine (0.3-3 mg/kg/injection) induced dose-dependent self-administration. The adenosine receptor antagonists, theophylline (2.5, 5, 10 mg/kg) and 3, 7-Dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (DMPX; 0.25, 0.5, 1 mg/kg), when injected 1 h before the start of the test, reduced the number of self-administered morphine infusions. The adenosine receptor antagonists when administered in the training period (11 days) greatly increased the number of morphine infusions, however, they did not induce any response by themselves. 5'-N-ethylcarboxamido-adenosine (NECA; 0.5, 1 mg/kg) and 4-[2-[[6-Amino-9-(N-ethyl-beta-D-ribofuranuronamidosyl)-9H-purin-2 -yl ]amino] ethyl]benzenepropanoic acid (CGS21680; 0.001, 0.01, 0.025, 0. 05 mg/kg), given 1 h before the start of the test, increased morphine self-administration. Although the adenosine agonists, when injected during training period (11 days), reduced morphine self-administration. Furthermore, NECA, but not CGS21680, induced significant self-administration. The adenosine A(1) receptor agonist, N(6)-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA; 0.01, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg), and the adenosine A(1) receptor antagonist, 8-phenyletheophylline (2, 4, 6, 8 mg/kg), themselves neither altered morphine infusion nor induced any response. These results indicate a role for adenosine A(2) receptors in the expression and/or development of morphine self-administration.[1]


  1. Adenosine A(2) receptors inhibit morphine self-administration in rats. Sahraei, H., Motamedi, F., Khoshbaten, A., Zarrindast, M.R. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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