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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Multicenter double-blind comparison of sertraline and desipramine for concurrent obsessive-compulsive and major depressive disorders.

BACKGROUND: Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) have demonstrated consistent efficacy in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), while agents that are primarily norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors have not. Comparable efficacy has been demonstrated for SRI and non-SRI antidepressants in uncomplicated major depressive disorder ( MDD). This multicenter trial is the first comparison of an SRI (sertraline) and a non-SRI antidepressant (desipramine) in the treatment of OCD with concurrent MDD. METHODS: One hundred sixty-six patients diagnosed using structured clinical interviews and recruited from 16 treatment sites were randomly assigned to double-blind treatment with either sertraline (up to 200 mg/d) or desipramine (up to 300 mg/d) over 12 weeks. Measures of severity of OCD and MDD symptoms, as well as adverse effects of the medications, were monitored over the course of the treatment period. RESULTS: Patients assigned to sertraline responded significantly better at end point on measures of OCD and MDD symptoms compared with patients assigned to desipramine. Sertraline was also associated with a significantly greater number of patients who achieved a "robust" improvement in OCD symptoms (> or =40% reduction) compared with desipramine. More patients receiving desipramine than sertraline discontinued treatment because of adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: The SRI sertraline was more effective in reducing MDD and OCD symptoms than the primarily norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor desipramine for patients with concurrent OCD and MDD.[1]


  1. Multicenter double-blind comparison of sertraline and desipramine for concurrent obsessive-compulsive and major depressive disorders. Hoehn-Saric, R., Ninan, P., Black, D.W., Stahl, S., Greist, J.H., Lydiard, B., McElroy, S., Zajecka, J., Chapman, D., Clary, C., Harrison, W. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (2000) [Pubmed]
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