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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reconstitution of intramembrane particles in recombinants of erythrocyte protein band 3 and lipid: effects of spectrin-actin association.

The integral membrane protein Band 3 of the human erythrocyte, either purified or in a crude Triton X-100 extract of ghosts, was combined with egg lecithin in a cholate solution. During dialysis to remove cholate, lipid bilayer vesicles formed in which Band 3 existed as a dimer and in which intramembrane particles indistinguishable from those in the native membrane were exposed by freeze-fracturing. The recombinant vesicles were stable in both high and low salt concentrations, sedimented at a density that increased in prportion to their protein content, and bound spectrin-actin extracted from erythrocyte ghosts. When spectrin-actin was associated with the vesicles, the behavior of the recombinant intramembrane particles simulated that of the erythrocyte ghost intramembrane particles: they were dispersed at pH 7.6 and aggregrated at pH 5-5. 5. Thus, some of the characteristics of the native membrane have been reconstituted in the recombinant.[1]


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