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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Dendritic cells purified from myeloma are primed with tumor-specific antigen (idiotype) and activate CD4+ T cells.

Multiple myelomas produce tumor-specific antigen ( TSA) in the form of idiotype (Id) on monoclonal Ig. CD4(+) T cells can recognize Id-peptide on MHC class II molecules and protect against challenges with MOPC315 cells, which are, as common for myelomas, class II-negative. The present study explains these previous results by demonstrating that Id can be transferred from myeloma cells to antigen-presenting cells (APC), which present processed Id-peptide on their class II molecules to Id-specific T cell receptor-transgenic (TCR-TG) CD4(+) T cells. Id-primed tumor APC were heterogeneous, the majority being dendritic cells with class II(+), CD11b(+) CD11c(+) CD40(+) CD80(+) CD86(+) markers. The APC were localized beneath CD31(+) endothelial cells of tumor microvessels, and their frequency declined with tumor progression. The APC could stimulate Id-specific naive TCR-TG, short-term polarized TCR-TG, and cloned CD4(+) T cells to proliferate and produce cytokines in vitro. Furthermore, small MOPC315 tumors established in Id-specific TCR-TG mice contained clusters of activated (CD69(+)CD25(+)) and proliferating (BrdUrd(+)) Id-specific transgenic CD4(+) blasts. The activated Id-specific T cells were located adjacent to Id-primed dendritic cells in the tumor. Thus, a TSA can be transferred in vivo from myeloma, and possibly other types of cancer cells to APC for MHC class II presentation to CD4(+) T cells.[1]

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