The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dendritic cells purified from myeloma are primed with tumor-specific antigen (idiotype) and activate CD4+ T cells.

Multiple myelomas produce tumor-specific antigen ( TSA) in the form of idiotype (Id) on monoclonal Ig. CD4(+) T cells can recognize Id-peptide on MHC class II molecules and protect against challenges with MOPC315 cells, which are, as common for myelomas, class II-negative. The present study explains these previous results by demonstrating that Id can be transferred from myeloma cells to antigen-presenting cells (APC), which present processed Id-peptide on their class II molecules to Id-specific T cell receptor-transgenic (TCR-TG) CD4(+) T cells. Id-primed tumor APC were heterogeneous, the majority being dendritic cells with class II(+), CD11b(+) CD11c(+) CD40(+) CD80(+) CD86(+) markers. The APC were localized beneath CD31(+) endothelial cells of tumor microvessels, and their frequency declined with tumor progression. The APC could stimulate Id-specific naive TCR-TG, short-term polarized TCR-TG, and cloned CD4(+) T cells to proliferate and produce cytokines in vitro. Furthermore, small MOPC315 tumors established in Id-specific TCR-TG mice contained clusters of activated (CD69(+)CD25(+)) and proliferating (BrdUrd(+)) Id-specific transgenic CD4(+) blasts. The activated Id-specific T cells were located adjacent to Id-primed dendritic cells in the tumor. Thus, a TSA can be transferred in vivo from myeloma, and possibly other types of cancer cells to APC for MHC class II presentation to CD4(+) T cells.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities