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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of soluble forms of lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1.

Lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a type II membrane protein belonging to the C-type lectin family molecules, which can act as a cell-surface endocytosis receptor for atherogenic oxidized LDL. In this study, we show that soluble forms of LOX-1 are present in conditioned media of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) and CHO-K1 cells stably transfected with LOX-1 cDNA. Immunoblot analysis of conditioned media from TNF-alpha- activated BAECs and CHO-K1 cells stably expressing LOX-1 revealed that soluble LOX-1 has an approximate molecular mass of 35 kDa. In TNF-alpha-activated BAECs, cell-surface expression of LOX-1 precedes soluble LOX-1 production. Cell-surface biotinylation followed by immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting showed that soluble LOX-1 in cell-conditioned media is derived from LOX-1 expressed on the cell surface. Production of soluble LOX-1 was inhibited by PMSF, suggesting that PMSF-sensitive proteases may be involved in this process. Purification of soluble LOX-1 by high-performance liquid chromatography and N-terminal amino acid sequencing of soluble LOX-1 identified the 2 cleavage sites between Arg(86)-Ser(87) and Lys(89)-Ser(90), which were located in the membrane proximal extracellular domain of LOX-1. The data demonstrate that cell-surface LOX-1 can be cleaved at 2 different sites and transformed into soluble forms. Further studies may explore therapeutic and diagnostic applications of soluble LOX-1 in atherosclerotic diseases.[1]


  1. Identification of soluble forms of lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1. Murase, T., Kume, N., Kataoka, H., Minami, M., Sawamura, T., Masaki, T., Kita, T. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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