The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of guinea pig intestinal peristalsis by endogenous endothelin acting at ET(B) receptors.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endothelins are expressed in many enteric neurons of the gut. Because activation of endothelin ET(A) and ET(B) receptors is known to alter intestinal muscle activity, the effect of ET(A) and ET(B) receptor agonists and antagonists on propulsive peristalsis was examined. METHODS: Repetitive peristalsis in fluid-perfused segments of the guinea pig isolated small intestine was elicited by a rise of the intraluminal pressure and recorded via the pressure changes generated by the peristaltic waves. RESULTS: Endothelin 1 (0.3-10 nmol/L added to the organ bath) stimulated peristalsis as shown by a decrease in the pressure threshold at which peristaltic waves were triggered, whereas the endothelin analog sarafotoxin 6c (0.3-10 nmol/L) inhibited peristalsis as reflected by an increase in the pressure threshold. The ET(A) receptor antagonist BQ-123 (3 micromol/L) converted the properistaltic action of endothelin 1 to an antiperistaltic action, whereas the ET(B) receptor antagonist BQ-788 (3 micromol/L) prevented the antiperistaltic action of sarafotoxin 6c. BQ-788, but not BQ-123, facilitated peristalsis on its own. Additional experiments indicated that the properistaltic action of endothelin 1 is mediated by enteric neurons, whereas the peristaltic motor effects of sarafotoxin 6c and BQ-788 are caused by a direct action on the muscle. CONCLUSIONS: ET(A) receptor activation stimulates, whereas ET(B) receptor activation inhibits, intestinal peristalsis. The ability of BQ-788 to facilitate peristalsis per se points to a physiologic role of ET(B) receptors in peristaltic motor regulation.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities