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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two modes of FEN1 binding to PCNA regulated by DNA.

The FEN1 nuclease functions during Okazaki fragment maturation in the eukaryotic cell. Like many other proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-binding proteins, FEN1 interacts with the interdomain connector loop (IDCL) of PCNA, and PCNA greatly stimulates FEN1 activity. A yeast IDCL mutant pcna-79 (IL126,128AA) failed to interact with FEN-1, but, surprisingly, pcna-79 was still very active in stimulating FEN1 activity. In contrast, a C-terminal mutant pcna-90 (PK252,253AA) showed wild-type binding to FEN1 in solution, but poorly stimulated FEN1 activity. When PCNA was loaded onto a DNA substrate coupled to magnetic beads, it stabilized retention of FEN1 on the DNA. In this DNA-dependent binding assay, pcna-79 also stabilized retention of FEN1, but pcna-90 was inactive. Therefore, in the absence of DNA, FEN1 interacts with PCNA mainly through the IDCL. However, when PCNA encircles the DNA, the C-terminal domain of PCNA rather than its IDCL is important for binding FEN1. An FF-->GA mutation in the PCNA-interaction domain of FEN1 severely decreased both modes of interaction with PCNA and resulted in replication and repair defects in vivo.[1]


  1. Two modes of FEN1 binding to PCNA regulated by DNA. Gomes, X.V., Burgers, P.M. EMBO J. (2000) [Pubmed]
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