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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Modulation of thyroid hormone receptor silencing function by co-repressors and a synergizing transcription factor.

We have found that the thyroid hormone receptor (T3R) functionally synergizes with the CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF). CTCF is a highly conserved zinc-finger protein that has been connected with multiple functions in gene regulation including chromatin insulator activity, transcriptional enhancement and silencing as well as tumour suppression. A specific property of CTCF is that some of the binding sites are found in the vicinity of T3R-binding sites. Interestingly, both factors synergize in repression as well as in activation. T3R-mediated repression has been shown to involve co-repressors such as the silencing mediator for retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptor (SMRT), N-CoR or Alien. These co-repressors in turn have been found to interact with Sin3A. Until now, the mechanisms by which CTCF synergizes with T3R in transcriptional repression has not been determined. Here we show that CTCF comprises autonomous silencing domains that mediate transcriptional repression when tethered to a promoter sequence. At least one of these domains, the zinc-finger region of CTCF, binds Sin3A without binding to SMRT or N-CoR and recruits histone deacetylation activity. For Sin3A we identified two different domains interacting independently with the CTCF zinc-finger cluster. The ability of regions of CTCF to retain deacetylase activity is correlated with the ability to bind to Sin3A and to repress transcription. Taking these results together, the synergy in repression mediated by T3R and CTCF might be achieved by the binding of multiple molecules of Sin3A to the T3R/CTCF-DNA complex, thus providing a large platform for the recruitment of histone deacetylases.[1]

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