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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transforming growth factor-beta(1) induces apoptosis in rat FaO hepatoma cells via cytochrome c release and oligomerization of Apaf-1 to form a approximately 700-kd apoptosome caspase-processing complex.

In mammalian cells, non receptor-mediated apoptosis occurs via the cytochrome c-dependent assembly of a approximately 700-kd apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf-1)/caspase-9 containing apoptosome complex. This initiates the postmitochondrial-mediated effector caspase cascade. We now show that receptor mediated transforming growth factor beta(1) (TGF-beta(1))-induced apoptosis in rat hepatoma cells is accompanied by processing and activation of caspases-2, -3, -7, and -8. Furthermore, we show that caspase activation is mediated via the release of cytochrome c and the oligomerization of Apaf-1 into an approximately 700-kd apoptosome complex. Similarly, in vitro activation of hepatoma cell lysates with 2'-deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate (dATP) results in the formation of the approximately 700-kd apoptosome complex, which recruits and processes caspases-3 and -7. Z-VAD.FMK [benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp (OMe) fluoromethylketone], the pan-caspase inhibitor totally inhibits dATP-stimulated caspase activation but does not block the assembly of the large Apaf-1 containing apoptosome complex. However, the recruitment and subsequent processing of caspases-3 and -7 to the apoptosome is blocked. Similarly, in intact cells, although Z-VAD.FMK blocked TGF-beta(1)-induced apoptosis, it did not prevent the oligomerization of Apaf-1 into the apoptosome. However, recruitment and processing of caspases-3 and -7 were prevented by Z-VAD.FMK. These data show that TGF-beta(1) induces apoptosis via release of cytochrome c and activation of the Apaf-1 apoptosome complex, which initiates the caspase cascade.[1]


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