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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The insulin-like growth factor-I system and hormone replacement therapy.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of hormone replacement therapy on plasma concentrations of free and total insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, IGF binding protein (BP)-1, and IGFBP-3. DESIGN: Clinical study. SETTING: Gynecologic clinic at a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Seventy-one postmenopausal women. INTERVENTION(S): Six cycles of four different hormonal replacement therapy regimens: oral conjugated estrogens, transdermal estradiol, oral conjugated estrogens and norethisterone, and transdermal estradiol and norethisterone acetate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Blood samples were collected before and after treatment for measurement of free and total IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3. RESULT(S): Conjugated estrogen replacement therapy is associated with a decrease in plasma concentration of total IGF-I and increase in concentrations of free IGF-I and IGFBP-1. Transdermal estrogens have no effect on total and free IGF-I and IGFBP-1 concentrations. Oral norethisterone plus conjugated estrogens increased free IGF-I and IGFBP-1 concentrations but did not change IGF-I concentrations. Transdermal conjugated estrogens plus norethisterone acetate increased free IGF-I concentrations but not total IGF-I or IGFBP-1 concentrations. The plasma concentration of IGFBP-3 did not change in any group. CONCLUSION(S): Alterations in total IGF-I concentration can occur depending on the route of hormone replacement therapy administration. Free IGF-I concentrations were elevated in all study groups except that treated with transdermal estrogens.[1]


  1. The insulin-like growth factor-I system and hormone replacement therapy. Cardim, H.J., Lopes, C.M., Giannella-Neto, D., da Fonseca, A.M., Pinotti, J.A. Fertil. Steril. (2001) [Pubmed]
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