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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Arg(615)Cys substitution in pig skeletal ryanodine receptors increases activation of single channels by a segment of the skeletal DHPR II-III loop.

The effect of peptides, corresponding to sequences in the skeletal muscle dihydropyridine receptor II-III loop, on Ca(2+) release from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and on ryanodine receptor ( RyR) calcium release channels have been compared in preparations from normal and malignant hyperthermia (MH)-susceptible pigs. Peptide A (Thr(671)-Leu(690); 36 microM) enhanced the rate of Ca(2+) release from normal SR (SR(N)) and from SR of MH-susceptible muscle (SR(MH)) by 10 +/- 3.2 nmole/mg/min and 76 +/- 9.7 nmole/mg/min, respectively. Ca (2+) release from SR(N) or SR(MH) was not increased by control peptide NB (Gly(689)-Lys(708)). AS (scrambled A sequence; 36 microM) did not alter Ca (2+) release from SR(N), but increased release from SR(MH) by 29 +/- 4.9 nmoles/mg/min. RyR channels from MH-susceptible muscle (RyR(MH)) were up to about fourfold more strongly activated by peptide A (> or =1 nM) than normal RyR channels (RyR(N)) at -40 mV. Neither NB or AS activated RyR(N). RyR(MH) showed an approximately 1.8-fold increase in mean current with 30 microM AS. Inhibition at +40 mV was stronger in RyR(MH) and seen with peptide A (> or = 0.6 microM) and AS (> or = 0.6 microM), but not NB. These results show that the Arg(615)Cys substitution in RyR(MH) has multiple effects on RyRs. We speculate that enhanced DHPR activation of RyRs may contribute to increased Ca(2+) release from SR in MH-susceptible muscle.[1]


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