The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Febrile and acute hyperthermia enhance TNF-induced necrosis of murine L929 fibrosarcoma cells via caspase-regulated production of reactive oxygen intermediates.

Previous studies have demonstrated the essential role of TNF-induced reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) in the necrosis of L929 cells. We investigated the molecular basis for the interaction of hyperthermia and TNF in these cells. Hyperthermia, both febrile (40.0-40.5 degrees C) and acute (41.5-41.8 degrees C), strongly potentiated TNF killing, and sensistization was significantly quenched by the antioxidant, BHA. The broad-spectrum caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD, has been shown to markedly increase the TNF sensitivity of L929 cells at 37 degrees C; we observed that hyperthermia would also enhance the sensitivity of L929 cells to TNF + Z- VAD and that BHA could significantly quench the response, as well. The basis for hyperthermic potentiation was unlikely thermally-increased sensitivity to ROI, as treatment with hydrogen peroxide for 24 h killed L929 cells essentially equivalently, whether incubated continuously at 37 degrees C or at 40.0-40.5 degrees C, or for 2 h at 41.5-41.8 degrees C. However, febrile and acute hyperthermia markedly increased TNF-induced production of ROI, with or without Z-VAD. Hyperthermia dramatically accelerated the onset of this production, as well as the onset of necrotic death, as determined by oxidation of dihydro-rhodamine and propidium iodide staining, respectively, both of which were significantly quenchable with BHA. We conclude that hyperthermia potentiates TNF-mediated killing in this cell model primarily by increasing the afferent, and not the efferent, phase of TNF-induced necrosis.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities