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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Essential role of Sna41/Cdc45 in loading of DNA polymerase alpha onto minichromosome maintenance proteins in fission yeast.

Assembly of replication complexes at the replication origins is strictly regulated. Cdc45p is known to be a part of the active replication complexes. In Xenopus egg extracts, Cdc45p was shown to be required for loading of DNA polymerase alpha onto chromatin. The fission yeast cdc45 homologue was identified as a suppressor for nda4 and named sna41. Nevertheless, it is not known how Cdc45p facilitates loading of DNA polymerase alpha onto chromatin, particularly to prereplicative complexes. To gain novel insight into the function of this protein in fission yeast, we characterized the fission yeast Cdc45 homologue, Sna41p. We have constructed C-terminally epitope-tagged Sna41p and Pol alpha p and replaced the endogenous genes with the corresponding tagged genes. Analyses of protein-protein interactions in vivo by the use of these tagged strains revealed the following: Sna41p interacts with Pol alpha p throughout the cell cycle, whereas it interacts with Mis5p/Mcm6p in the chromatin fractions at the G(1)-S boundary through S phase. In an initiation-defective sna41 mutant, sna41(goa1), interaction of Pol alpha p with Mis5p is not observed, although Pol alpha p loading onto the chromatin that occurs before G(1) START is not affected. These results show that fission yeast Sna41p facilitates the loading of Pol alpha p onto minichromosome maintenance proteins. Our results are consistent with a model in which loading of Pol alpha p onto replication origins occurs through two steps, namely, loading onto chromatin at preSTART and association with prereplicative complexes at G(1)-S through Sna41p, which interacts with minichromosome maintenance proteins in a cell cycle-dependent manner.[1]


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