The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Overexpression of chlorophyllide a oxygenase ( CAO) enlarges the antenna size of photosystem II in Arabidopsis thaliana.

The light-harvesting efficiency of a photosystem is thought to be largely dependent on its photosynthetic antenna size. It has been suggested that antenna size is controlled by the biosynthesis of chlorophyll b. To verify this hypothesis, we overexpressed the enzyme for chlorophyll b biosynthesis, chlorophyllide a oxygenase ( CAO), in Arabidopsis thaliana by transforming the plant with cDNA for CAO under the control of the 35S cauliflower mosaic virus promoter. In the early de-etiolation phase, when the intrinsic CAO expression is very low, the chlorophyll a: b ratio was drastically decreased from 28 to 7.3, indicating that enhancement of chlorophyll b biosynthesis had been successfully achieved. We made the following observations in full-green rosette leaves of transgenic plants. (1) The chlorophyll a : b ratio was reduced from 2.85 to 2.65. (2) The ratio of the peripheral light-harvesting complexes (LHCII) to the core antenna complex (CPa) resolved with the green-gel system increased by 20%. (3) The ratio of the light-harvesting complex II apoproteins (LHCP) to 47-kDa chlorophyll a protein (CP47), which was estimated by the results of immunoblotting, increased by 40%. These results indicated that the antenna size increased by at least 10-20% in transgenic plants, suggesting that chlorophyll b biosynthesis controls antenna size. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on enlargement of the antenna size by genetic manipulations.[1]


  1. Overexpression of chlorophyllide a oxygenase (CAO) enlarges the antenna size of photosystem II in Arabidopsis thaliana. Tanaka, R., Koshino, Y., Sawa, S., Ishiguro, S., Okada, K., Tanaka, A. Plant J. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities