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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two relatively distinct patterns of ameloblastoma: an anti-apoptotic proliferating site in the outer layer (periphery) and a pro-apoptotic differentiating site in the inner layer (centre).

AIMS: This study was performed to determine the apoptotic behaviour of ameloblastomas by analysing the role of bcl-2 family proteins in ameloblastomas and the location of terminally apoptotic cells in the ameloblastoma epithelial tissues. METHODS AND RESULTS: For immunohistochemistry, tissue sections of 32 patients were treated with an antigen-retrieval METHOD: Primary antibodies against the apoptosis-related proteins, bcl-2, bcl-X, bax, and bak were applied. Besides immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and TUNEL were also performed. Most of the outer layer cells were predominantly stained by the bcl-2 antibody, while most of the inner layer cells were stained by antibodies against the apoptosis-modulating proteins, bax and bak. Among the bcl-2 family, bcl-2 was the most ubiquitously expressed protein in ameloblastomas, while bcl-X was expressed in the greatest concentrations. The major bcl-X protein was bcl-XL. Some of the inner layer cells entered the terminal apoptotic stage, which were revealed by TUNEL. The acanthomatous areas over-expressed the apoptosis-modulating proteins, especially bak. CONCLUSIONS: Ameloblastoma has much more apoptosis-inhibiting protein than the apoptosis-modulating protein. Ameloblastoma has two relatively distinct patterns, an anti-apoptotic proliferating site in the outer layer (periphery) and a pro-apoptotic differentiating site in the inner layer (centre). The acanthomatous area, which was stained strongly by bak antibody and contained numerous terminally apoptotic cells, was considered as the differentiated area.[1]


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