The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Age-specific and age-adjusted penetrance as poison center outcome measures.

BACKGROUND: The American Association of Poison Control Centers defines penetrance as the number of exposures per 1000 residents of a population during one year. This metric fails to account for confounding by age group variability. We demonstrate the error caused by using raw penetrance and present two alternate methods of calculation, age-specific penetrance and age-adjusted penetrance. METHODS: Data from the toxic exposure surveillance system were collected from calls to our 41 county regional poison centers in 1998. Age-specific penetrance (ASP) was calculated by dividing the number of exposures (E) in age interval "i" in county "A" by 1000 population in age interval "Pi" in county "A" or ASP = Ei/Pi. AAP is the summation of the weighted age-specific penetrance. Weights (w(si)) represent the relative age distribution of a standard population, in this case the 1998 US population. AAP = sigma(i) w(si) * Ei/Pi. RESULTS: [table: see text] County C has low raw penetrance and is known to have relatively fewer toddlers and presumably a lower incidence of poisoning. This demonstrates that raw penetrance misrepresents populations with small proportions of children and should not be used to compare promotion or prevention activities between populations. CONCLUSION: We recommend poison centers and the American Association of Poison Control Centers replace raw penetrance with age-adjusted penetrance as one measure of the effectiveness of a poison center's awareness efforts.[1]


  1. Age-specific and age-adjusted penetrance as poison center outcome measures. Wolowich, W.R., Casavant, M.J., Fisher, C.A. J. Toxicol. Clin. Toxicol. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities