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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Membrane complement regulators protect against the development of type II collagen-induced arthritis in rats.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in the distribution patterns of membrane complement regulators (MCRs) during the development of type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and to examine the protective effects of these molecules against the augmentation of CIA in the knee joint. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the distribution of the MCRs Crry, DAF, and CD59 in the synovium of knee joints before and 2, 4, and 10 weeks after induction of CIA by immunization with type II collagen. In addition, at 2 or 10 weeks after induction of CIA, rats were injected intraarticularly with anti-Crry and/or anti-CD59 as the F(ab')2 fraction of monoclonal antibodies (mAb). Knee joint swelling and histologic changes in the synovium were examined 2 weeks after mAb injection. RESULTS: Synovial expression of Crry, DAF, and CD59 decreased in parallel with increased inflammation. When Crry and CD59 were functionally blocked at 2 weeks after the induction of CIA, swelling of the knee joints was markedly increased. Blocking of either regulator alone had no effect on swelling. Thickening of the synovial surface and proliferation of subsynovial tissue were all increased after blocking Crry and CD59, whereas blocking of either MCR alone had no effect. When both Crry and CD59 were blocked, deposits of membrane attack complex were found in the synovium. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that in rats with CIA and severely inflamed synovium, local expression of MCR is reduced. The MCRs Crry and CD59 appear to suppress the development of CIA.[1]


  1. Membrane complement regulators protect against the development of type II collagen-induced arthritis in rats. Mizuno, M., Nishikawa, K., Spiller, O.B., Morgan, B.P., Okada, N., Okada, H., Matsuo, S. Arthritis Rheum. (2001) [Pubmed]
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