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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Membrane topography of the coupling ion binding site in Na+-translocating F1F0 ATP synthase.

A carbodiimide with a photoactivatable diazirine substituent was synthesized and incubated with the Na(+)-translocating F(1)F(0) ATP synthase from both Propionigenium modestum and Ilyobacter tartaricus. This caused severe inhibition of ATP hydrolysis activity in the absence of Na(+) ions but not in its presence, indicating the specific reaction with the Na(+) binding c-Glu(65) residue. Photocross-linking was investigated with the substituted ATP synthase from both bacteria in reconstituted 1-palmitoyl-2-oleyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC)-containing proteoliposomes. A subunit c/POPC conjugate was found in the illuminated samples but no a-c cross-links were observed, not even after ATP-induced rotation of the c-ring. Our substituted diazirine moiety on c-Glu(65) was therefore in close contact with phospholipid but does not contact subunit a. Na(+)in/(22)Na(+)out exchange activity of the ATP synthase was not affected by modifying the c-Glu(65) sites with the carbodiimide, but upon photoinduced cross-linking, this activity was abolished. Cross-linking the rotor to lipids apparently arrested rotational mobility required for moving Na(+) ions back and forth across the membrane. The site of cross-linking was analyzed by digestions of the substituted POPC using phospholipases C and A(2) and by mass spectroscopy. The substitutions were found exclusively at the fatty acid side chains, which indicates that c-Glu(65) is located within the core of the membrane.[1]


  1. Membrane topography of the coupling ion binding site in Na+-translocating F1F0 ATP synthase. von Ballmoos, C., Appoldt, Y., Brunner, J., Granier, T., Vasella, A., Dimroth, P. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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