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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tyrosinase inhibitors of Pulsatilla cernua root-derived materials.

The inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase by Pulsatilla cernua root-derived materials was evaluated. The bioactive components of Pulsatilla cernua root were characterized by spectroscopic analyses as 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid, which exhibited potent antityrosinase activity. The ID50 values of 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid were 0.97 and 0.33 mM, respectively. The compounds isolated from Pulsatilla cernua roots exhibited noncompetitive inhibition against oxidation of L-DOPA by mushroom tyrosinase. This activity was compared with that of three cinnamic acid derivatives and four well-known tyrosinase inhibitors. The ID50 of 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid exhibited superior activity relative to anisaldehyde, anisic acid, benzoic acid, benzaldehyde, cinnamic acid, and cinnamaldehyde; but antityrosinase inhibitors and cinnamic acid derivatives, except for cinnamyl alcohol, were slightly more effective than 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid. In the case of benzaldehyde and cinnamaldehyde, the aldehyde group is, apparently, a key group in eliciting potent inhibitory activity, whereas anisaldehyde is more effective than anisic acid. Methoxy substitutions, such as 2-methoxycinnamic acid, 3-methoxycinnamic acid, and 4-methoxycinnamic acid, enhanced inhibition of tyrosinase activity. As a naturally occurring tyrosinase inhibitor, 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid may be useful as new agents to inhibit the oxidation of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) by mushroom tyrosinase.[1]


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