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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential inhibition of Hsc70 activities by two Hsc70-binding peptides.

The ability of two high-affinity Hsc70-binding peptides [FYQLALT (peptide-Phi) and NIVRKKK (peptide-K)] to differentially inhibit Hsc70-dependent processes in rabbit reticulocyte lysate (RRL) was examined. Both peptide-Phi and peptide-K inhibited chaperone-dependent renaturation of luciferase in RRL. Peptide-Phi, but not peptide-K, blocked Hsp90/Hsc70-dependent transformation of the heme- regulated eIF2 alpha kinase ( HRI) into an active, heme-regulatable kinase. In contrast, peptide-K, but not peptide-Phi, inhibited Hsc70- mediated suppression of the activation of mature-transformed HRI. Furthermore, HDJ2 (Human DnaJ homologue 2), but not HDJ1, potentiated the ability of Hsc70 to suppress the activation of HRI in RRL. Mechanistically, peptide-K inhibited, while peptide-Phi enhanced, HDJ2- induced stimulation of Hsc70 ATPase activity in vitro. The data presented support the hypotheses that peptide-Phi acts to inhibit Hsc70 function by binding to the hydrophobic peptide-binding cleft of Hsc70, while peptide-K acts through binding to a site that modulates the interaction of Hsc70 with DnaJ homologues. Overall, the data indicate that peptide-Phi and peptide-K have differential effects on Hsc70 functions under quasi-physiological conditions in RRL, and suggest that therapeutically valuable peptide mimetics can be designed to inhibit specific functions of Hsc70.[1]


  1. Differential inhibition of Hsc70 activities by two Hsc70-binding peptides. Thulasiraman, V., Yun, B.G., Uma, S., Gu, Y., Scroggins, B.T., Matts, R.L. Biochemistry (2002) [Pubmed]
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