The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Redistribution of connexin45 in gap junctions of connexin43-deficient hearts.

OBJECTIVE: Adult ventricular myocytes express two gap junction channel proteins: connexin43 ( Cx43) and connexin45 (Cx45). Cx43-deficient mice exhibit slow ventricular epicardial conduction, suggesting that Cx43 plays an important role in intercellular coupling in the ventricle. Cx45 is much less abundant than Cx43 in working ventricular myocytes. Its role in ventricular conduction has not been defined, nor is it known whether expression or distribution of Cx45 is altered in Cx43-deficient mice. The present study was undertaken to determine (1) whether expression of Cx45 is upregulated and (2) whether gap junction structure and distribution are altered in Cx43-deficient mice. METHODS: Ventricular tissue from neonatal Cx43(+/+), Cx43(+/-) and Cx43(-/-) and adult Cx43(+/+) and Cx43(+/-) mice was analyzed by immunoblotting and confocal immunofluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: Total Cx45 protein abundance measured by immunoblotting was not different in Cx43-deficient or null hearts compared to wild-type control hearts. However, the amount and distribution of Cx45 immunoreactive signal measured by quantitative confocal analysis were markedly reduced in both Cx43(+/-) and Cx43(-/-) hearts. CONCLUSION: Although the total content of Cx45 is not upregulated in Cx43-deficient hearts, the localization of Cx45 to cardiac gap junctions depends on the expression level of Cx43 and is dramatically altered in mice that express no Cx43.[1]


  1. Redistribution of connexin45 in gap junctions of connexin43-deficient hearts. Johnson, C.M., Kanter, E.M., Green, K.G., Laing, J.G., Betsuyaku, T., Beyer, E.C., Steinberg, T.H., Saffitz, J.E., Yamada, K.A. Cardiovasc. Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities