The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Overexpressed thioredoxin compensates Fanconi anemia related chromosomal instability.

The cause of the molecular defect of Fanconi anemia ( FA) remains unknown. Cells from patients with FA exert an elevated spontaneous chromosomal instability which is further triggered by mitomycin C. The induced lability is reduced by overexpression of thioredoxin which is not the case for spontaneous instability. However, both are eliminated by overexpression of thioredoxin cDNA with an added nuclear localization signal. This implies that thioredoxin is lacking in the nuclei of FA cells. The total thioredoxin content in all FA cells tested is reduced. The resultant lack of nuclear thioredoxin can be the explanation for the major symptomatology in FA. Since thioredoxin is known to be the reactive cofactor of ribonucleotid reductase its shortcoming reduces the supply of deoxyribonucleotides thus hindering the DNA and replication repair with resultant chromosomal breaks. Furthermore, depression of tyrosine hydroxylase, the key enzyme of melanine synthesis, could be the basis for the pathognomotic 'café au lait' spots of FA. The observation of thioredoxin reduction in FA cells permits insight into the molecular phathophysiology of FA.[1]


  1. Overexpressed thioredoxin compensates Fanconi anemia related chromosomal instability. Kontou, M., Adelfalk, C., Ramirez, M.H., Ruppitsch, W., Hirsch-Kauffmann, M., Schweiger, M. Oncogene (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities