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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
MeSH Review

Chromosome Breakage

 
 
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Disease relevance of Chromosome Breakage

 

Psychiatry related information on Chromosome Breakage

 

High impact information on Chromosome Breakage

 

Chemical compound and disease context of Chromosome Breakage

 

Biological context of Chromosome Breakage

  • By spectral karyotypic analysis, we found that MYC even within one cell division cycle resulted in a several-magnitude increase in the frequency of chromosomal breaks and translocations in normal human cells [17].
  • We also examined the transcription of the first exon of the c-myc oncogene, which becomes separated from the second and third exon because of the chromosomal break involving the first intron [18].
  • This suggests that the chromosomal break, which is paternal in origin and which probably arose at meiosis, has been stabilized in vivo by the direct addition of the telomeric sequence [19].
  • We used this technique to analyze mutations in the regulatory region of the Drosophila engrailed gene and found that truncations reduce transcription to levels that depend both upon the tissue and upon the location of the chromosomal break [20].
  • In other APL patients who exhibit a 15;17 translocation, we found no genomic changes of the p53, suggesting that the p53 gene, which was recently mapped to the short arm of chromosome 17 in the human, is not structurally related to the typical chromosomal break point found in the long arm of chromosome 17 of APL patients [21].
 

Anatomical context of Chromosome Breakage

 

Gene context of Chromosome Breakage

 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Chromosome Breakage

References

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  13. Extensive chromosomal breaks are induced by tamoxifen and estrogen in DNA repair-deficient cells. Mizutani, A., Okada, T., Shibutani, S., Sonoda, E., Hochegger, H., Nishigori, C., Miyachi, Y., Takeda, S., Yamazoe, M. Cancer Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
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  20. Allele-specific quantification of Drosophila engrailed and invected transcripts. Goldsborough, A.S., Kornberg, T.B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. Expression of p53 in human leukemia and lymphoma. Prokocimer, M., Shaklai, M., Bassat, H.B., Wolf, D., Goldfinger, N., Rotter, V. Blood (1986) [Pubmed]
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  27. Rad52 partially substitutes for the Rad51 paralog XRCC3 in maintaining chromosomal integrity in vertebrate cells. Fujimori, A., Tachiiri, S., Sonoda, E., Thompson, L.H., Dhar, P.K., Hiraoka, M., Takeda, S., Zhang, Y., Reth, M., Takata, M. EMBO J. (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. The Fanconi anemia group E gene, FANCE, maps to chromosome 6p. Waisfisz, Q., Saar, K., Morgan, N.V., Altay, C., Leegwater, P.A., de Winter, J.P., Komatsu, K., Evans, G.R., Wegner, R.D., Reis, A., Joenje, H., Arwert, F., Mathew, C.G., Pronk, J.C., Digweed, M. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1999) [Pubmed]
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