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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Accumulated endogenous NOS inhibitors, decreased NOS activity, and impaired cavernosal relaxation with ischemia.

We examined whether endogenous inhibitors of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis are involved in the impaired cavernosal relaxation with ischemia in rabbits. Two weeks after cavernosal ischemia caused by partial vessel occlusion, endothelium-dependent and electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced neurogenic NO-mediated relaxations, but not sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-induced relaxation, were significantly impaired in the isolated corpus cavernosum. The Ca(2+)-dependent NO synthase (NOS) activity and the basal and stimulated cGMP productions with carbachol or EFS were significantly decreased after ischemia. Supplementation of excess L-arginine partially recovered both of the impaired relaxations. The contents of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) and asymmetric N(G), N(G)-dimethyl-L-arginine (ADMA) but not L-arginine and symmetric N(G),N'(G)-dimethyl-L-arginine (SDMA) were increased in the cavernosal tissues after ischemia. Authentic L-NMMA and ADMA but not SDMA concentration dependently inhibited both relaxations without affecting the relaxation produced by SNP in the control. Excess L-arginine abolished the inhibition with L-NMMA and ADMA. These results suggest that the impaired NO-mediated cavernosal relaxations after ischemia are closely related to the decreased NOS activity and the increased accumulation of L-NMMA and ADMA.[1]


  1. Accumulated endogenous NOS inhibitors, decreased NOS activity, and impaired cavernosal relaxation with ischemia. Masuda, H., Tsujii, T., Okuno, T., Kihara, K., Goto, M., Azuma, H. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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