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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel inhibition of porcine pepsin by a substituted piperidine. Preference for one of the enzyme conformers.

Pepsin inhibition by 3-alkoxy-4-arylpiperidine (substituted piperidine; (3R,4R)-3-(4-bromobenzyloxy)-4-[4-(2-naphthalen-1-yl-2-oxo-ethoxy)phenyl]piperidine) has been studied using steady-state kinetic and pre-equilibrium binding methods. Data were compared with pepstatin A, a well known competitive inhibitor of pepsin. Steady-state analysis reveals that the substituted piperidine likewise behaves as a competitive inhibitor. Pre-equilibrium binding studies indicate that the substituted piperidine can displace a fluorescently labeled statine inhibitor from the enzyme active site. Simulation of the stopped-flow fluorescence transients provided estimates of the K(d) values of 1.4 +/- 0.2 microm and 39 +/- 2 nm for the piperidine and the fluorescently labeled statine, respectively. The effects of combinations of these two inhibitors resulted in a series of parallel lines when plotted by the method of Yonetani and Theorell (Yonetani, T., and Theorell, H. (1964) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 106, 234-251), suggesting that the two inhibitors bind in a mutually exclusive fashion to pepsin. Fitting of the entire data set to the appropriate equation yielded an alpha factor of 8 +/- 1. The magnitude of this factor ( infinity > alpha > 1) can be explained by a conformational distinction between the enzyme species that bind each inhibitor. The effects of pH on the inhibition constants for pepstatin A and the substituted piperidine also suggest that the inhibitors bind to distinct conformational forms of the enzyme. No inhibition by the piperidine was observed at acidic pH, while pepstatin A inhibition is maximal at low pH values. Inhibition by the piperidine was maximal when a group with pK 4.8 +/- 0.2 was deprotonated and another group with pK 5.9 +/- 0.2 was protonated. Most likely these two groups are the catalytic aspartates with perturbed ionization properties as a result of a significant and unique conformational change. Taken together, these data suggest that the enzyme can readily interconvert between two conformers, one capable of binding substrate and pepstatin A and the other capable of binding the substituted piperidine.[1]


  1. Novel inhibition of porcine pepsin by a substituted piperidine. Preference for one of the enzyme conformers. Marcinkeviciene, J., Kopcho, L.M., Yang, T., Copeland, R.A., Glass, B.M., Combs, A.P., Falahatpisheh, N., Thompson, L. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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