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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Promyelocytic leukemia protein PML inhibits Nur77-mediated transcription through specific functional interactions.

The promyelocytic leukemia protein PML is a tumor and growth suppressor and plays an important role in a multiple pathways of apoptosis and regulation of cell cycle progression. Our previous studies and others also documented a role of PML in transcriptional regulation through its association with transcription coactivator CBP and transcription corepressor HDAC. Here, we showed that PML is a potent transcriptional repressor of Nur77, an orphan receptor and a member of the steroid receptor superfamily of proteins. We found that PML represses Nur77-mediated transactivation through a physical and functional interaction between the two proteins. PML interacts with Nur-77 in vitro in a GST-pull down assay and in vivo by coimmunoprecipitation assay. PML/Nur77 colocalized in vivo in a double immunofluorescent staining and confocal microscopic analysis. Our study further showed that the coiled-coil domain of PML interacts with the DNA- binding domain of Nur77 (amino acids 267-332). Electrophoretic mobility shift assay demonstrated that PML interferes with Nur77 DNA binding in a dose-dependent manner. This study indicates that PML interacts with the DNA- binding domain of Nur77 and represses transcription by preventing it from binding to the target promoter. This study supports a role of PML/Nur77 interaction in regulating cell growth and apoptosis.[1]


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