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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

FSH and LH induce progesterone production and progesterone receptor synthesis in cumulus cells: a requirement for meiotic resumption in porcine oocytes.

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of progesterone in the meiotic resumption of porcine oocytes. Progesterone production and progesterone receptor ( PR) immunoreactivity in cumulus cells were not detected in porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) when observations were made either just after collection from the follicles or after 28 h cultivation without LH and FSH. However, the addition of LH and FSH induced PR expression in cumulus cells, concomitant with increased progesterone production. To assess the role of progesterone in the COC, an inhibitor of progesterone production, aminoglutethimide (AGT), was administered. The addition of AGT to the medium with LH and FSH significantly suppressed progesterone production in a dose-dependent fashion. When COC were cultured with LH, FSH and 0.5 x 10(-3) mol/l AGT, almost complete inhibition of progesterone production and of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) was seen. However, this inhibitory effect on GVBD was overcome by additional progesterone. Moreover, 0.5 x 10(-3) mol/l AGT also suppressed the reduction in connexin43, a gap junctional protein, in cumulus cells after 28 h cultivation, and increased the level of cyclic AMP in oocytes. These results support the hypothesis that the binding of progesterone, which was secreted by LH- and FSH-stimulated cumulus cells, to its newly synthesized receptor induces GVBD in porcine oocytes, possibly through a reduction of connexin43 in cumulus cells.[1]


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