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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Cerebrospinal fluid levels of beta-amyloid(42) in patients with Alzheimer's disease are related to the exon 2 polymorphism of the cathepsin D gene.

The intracellular aspartyl protease cathepsin D (catD) is involved in such Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related processes as the activation of the endosomal/lysosomal system and the cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein into amyloidogenic components, which may initiate neurodegeneration. A non-synonymous polymorphism (exon 2, C to T exchange leading to ala-->val substitution) of the gene encoding catD (CTSD) was previously associated with AD, in that the T allele increased the risk for AD. To investigate whether the T allele is associated with disease-related traits, we measured the concentration of the amyloid beta-peptide 1-42 (Abeta(42)) and 1-40 (Abeta(40)) in patients and control subjects. The T allele of the CTSD genotype was associated with a 50% decrease in Abeta(42) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid. Thus, we demonstrate a significant impact of the CTSD genotype on Abeta(42) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid of AD patients and underpin the importance of the validation of susceptibility genes by examining their potential pathophysiological relevance.[1]

References

  1. Cerebrospinal fluid levels of beta-amyloid(42) in patients with Alzheimer's disease are related to the exon 2 polymorphism of the cathepsin D gene. Papassotiropoulos, A., Lewis, H.D., Bagli, M., Jessen, F., Ptok, U., Schulte, A., Shearman, M.S., Heun, R. Neuroreport (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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