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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Delta-opioid receptor-induced late preconditioning is mediated by cyclooxygenase-2 in conscious rabbits.

Although activation of delta-opioid receptors is known to induce both early and late preconditioning (PC) against myocardial infarction, the mechanisms for this salubrious effect are unclear. Furthermore, it is unknown whether delta-opioid receptors can also induce late PC against myocardial stunning. By using conscious rabbits (n = 120) in this study, we found that the delta-opioid receptor agonist (+/-)-4-[(alpha-R*)-alpha-[(2S*,5R*)-4-allyl-2,5-dimethyl-1-piperazinyl]-3-hydroxybenzyl]-N,N-diethylbenzamide (BW-373U86) induced late PC against myocardial stunning 24 h after treatment and that this effect was abolished by the selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors N-[2-(cyclohexyloxy)4-nitrophenyl]methanesulfonamide (NS-398) and celecoxib. This protective effect was also abrogated by the selective delta(1)-opioid receptor antagonist 7-benzylidenenaltrexone, indicating that the delta(1)-opioid receptor is necessary for BW-373U86-induced late PC. BW-373U86 did not induce early PC against stunning. In addition, BW-373U86 induced late PC against infarction, which was blocked by NS-398. At 24 h after BW-373U86 administration, myocardial COX-2 protein expression and PGE(2) and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) levels were significantly increased. These results demonstrate that activation of delta-opioid receptors induces late PC against both stunning and infarction via a COX-2-dependent mechanism.[1]


  1. Delta-opioid receptor-induced late preconditioning is mediated by cyclooxygenase-2 in conscious rabbits. Kodani, E., Xuan, Y.T., Shinmura, K., Takano, H., Tang, X.L., Bolli, R. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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