The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of fibrates on metabolism of statins in human hepatocytes.

This study investigated the metabolic interaction between fibrates and statin hydroxy acids in human hepatocytes. Gemfibrozil (GFZ) modestly affected the formation of beta-oxidative products and CYP3A4-mediated oxidative metabolites of simvastatin hydroxy acid (SVA) but markedly inhibited the glucuronidation-mediated lactonization of SVA and the glucuronidation of a beta-oxidation product (IC(50) approximately 50 and 15 microM, respectively). In contrast, fenofibrate had a minimal effect on all the metabolic pathways of SVA. GFZ also significantly inhibited (IC(50) approximately 50-60 microM) the oxidation of cerivastatin (CVA) and rosuvastatin (RVA), but not of atorvastatin (AVA), while effectively decreasing (IC(50) approximately 30 to 60 microM) the lactonization of all three statins. As was observed previously with other statin hydroxy acids, RVA underwent significant glucuronidation to form an acyl glucuronide conjugate and lactonization to form RVA lactone in human liver microsomes and by UGT 1A1 and 1A3. While GFZ is not an inhibitor of CYP3A4, it is a competitive inhibitor (K(i) = 87 microM) of CYP2C8, a major catalyzing enzyme for CVA oxidation. These results suggest that 1) the pharmacokinetic interaction observed between GFZ and statins was not likely mediated by the inhibitory effect of GFZ on the beta-oxidation, but rather by its effect primarily on the glucuronidation and non-CYP3A-mediated oxidation of statin hydroxy acids, and 2) there is a potential difference between fibrates in their ability to affect the pharmacokinetics of statins, and among statins in their susceptibility to metabolic interactions with GFZ in humans.[1]


  1. Effects of fibrates on metabolism of statins in human hepatocytes. Prueksaritanont, T., Tang, C., Qiu, Y., Mu, L., Subramanian, R., Lin, J.H. Drug Metab. Dispos. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities