The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Calcium sensing receptor activation by a calcimimetic suggests a link between cooperativity and intracellular calcium oscillations.

Activation of the calcium sensing receptor (CaR) by small increments in extracellular calcium (Ca(2+)(e)) induces intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)(i)) oscillations that are dependent on thapsigargin-sensitive intracellular calcium stores. Phenylalkylamines such as NPS R-568 are allosteric modulators (calcimimetics) that activate CaR by increasing the apparent affinity of the receptor for calcium. We determined, by fluorescence imaging with fura-2, whether the calcimimetic NPS R-568 could activate Ca(2+)(i) oscillations in HEK-293 cells expressing human CaR. NPS R-568 was more potent than Ca(2+)(e) at eliciting Ca(2+)(i) oscillations, particularly at low [Ca(2+)](e) (as low as 0.1 mm). The oscillation frequencies elicited by NPS R-568 varied over a 2-fold range from peak to peak intervals of 60-70 to 30-45 s, depending upon the concentrations of both Ca(2+)(e) and NPS R-568. Finally, NPS R-568 induced sustained (>15 min after drug removal) Ca(2+)(i) oscillations, suggesting slow release of the drug from its binding site. We exploited the potency of NPS R-568 for eliciting Ca(2+)(i) oscillations for structural studies. Truncation of the CaR carboxyl terminus from 1077 to 886 amino acids had no effect on the ability of Ca(2+) or NPS R-568 to induce Ca(2+)(i) oscillations, but further truncation (to 868 amino acids) eliminated both highly cooperative Ca(2+)-dependent activation and regular Ca(2+)(i) oscillations. Alanine scanning within the amino acid sequence from Arg(873) to His(879) reveals a linkage between the cooperativity for Ca(2+)-dependent activation and establishment and maintenance of intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations. The amino acid residues critical to both functions of CaR may contribute to interactions with either G proteins or between CaR monomers within the functional dimer.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities