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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bile acids stimulate cFLIP phosphorylation enhancing TRAIL-mediated apoptosis.

Bile acids induce hepatocyte injury by enhancing death receptor-mediated apoptosis. In this study, bile acid effects on TRAIL-mediated apoptosis were examined to gain insight into bile acid potentiation of death receptor signaling. TRAIL-induced apoptosis of HuH-7 cells, stably transfected with a bile acid transporter, was enhanced by bile acids. Caspase 8 and 10 activation, bid cleavage, cytosolic cytochrome c, and caspase 3 activation by TRAIL were all increased by the bile acid glycochenodeoxycholate (GCDCA). GCDCA (100 microm) did not alter expression of TRAIL-R1/DR4, TRAIL-R2/DR5, procaspase 8, cFLIP-L, cFLIP-s, Bax, Bcl-xL, or Bax. However, both caspase 8 and caspase 10 recruitment and processing within the TRAIL death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) were greater in GCDCA-treated cells whereas recruitment of cFLIP long and short was reduced. GCDCA stimulated phosphorylation of both cFLIP isoforms, which was associated with decreased binding to GST-FADD. The protein kinase C antagonist chelerythrine prevented bile acid-stimulated cFLIP-L and -s phosphorylation, restored cFLIP binding to GST-FADD, and attenuated bile acid potentiation of TRAIL-induced apoptosis. These results provide new insights into the mechanisms of bile acid cytotoxicity and the proapoptotic effects of cFLIP phosphorylation in TRAIL signaling.[1]


  1. Bile acids stimulate cFLIP phosphorylation enhancing TRAIL-mediated apoptosis. Higuchi, H., Yoon, J.H., Grambihler, A., Werneburg, N., Bronk, S.F., Gores, G.J. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
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