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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Elucidation of the interaction of calmodulin with the IQ motifs of IQGAP1.

Calmodulin regulates the function of numerous proteins by binding to short regions on the target molecule. IQ motifs, which are found in over 100 human proteins, appear in tandem repeats and bind calmodulin in the absence of Ca(2+). One of these IQ-containing proteins, IQGAP1, interacts with several targets, including Cdc42, beta-catenin, E-cadherin, and actin, in a calmodulin-regulated manner. To elucidate the molecular mechanism by which apocalmodulin and Ca(2+)/calmodulin differentially regulate IQGAP1, a series of constructs of IQGAP1 with selected point mutations of the four tandem IQ motifs were generated. Mutating the basic charged arginine residues in all four IQ motifs abrogated binding of IQGAP1 to apocalmodulin, but had no effect on its interaction with Ca(2+)/calmodulin. Analysis of IQGAP1 constructs with point mutations in single, double, or triple IQ motifs revealed that apocalmodulin bound only to IQ3 and IQ4. By contrast to the arginine mutant constructs, mutation of selected hydrophobic residues in the IQ motifs produced an IQGAP1 protein incapable of binding either apocalmodulin or Ca(2+)/calmodulin. These results, which differ from the conventional model of Ca(2+)-independent binding of calmodulin to IQ motifs, provide insight into the complexity of the molecular interactions between calmodulin and IQ motifs.[1]


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