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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PKA modulation of Kv4.2-encoded A-type potassium channels requires formation of a supramolecular complex.

A-type channels, encoded by the pore-forming alpha-subunits of the Kv4.x family, are particularly important in regulating membrane excitability in the CNS and the heart. Given the key role of modulation of A currents by kinases, we sought to investigate the protein structure-function relationships underlying the regulation of these currents by PKA. We have previously shown the existence of two PKA phosphorylation sites in the Kv4.2 sequence; therefore, we focused this study on the Kv4.2 primary subunit. In the present studies we made the surprising finding that PKA phosphorylation of the Kv4.2 alpha-subunit is necessary but not sufficient for channel modulation; channel modulation by PKA required the presence of an ancillary subunit, the K+ channel interacting protein ( KChIP3). Therefore, these findings indicate a surprising complexity to kinase regulation of A currents, in that an interaction of two separate molecular events, alpha-subunit phosphorylation and the association of an ancillary subunit ( KChIP3), are necessary for phosphorylation-dependent regulation of Kv4.2-encoded A channels by PKA. Overall, our studies indicate that PKA must of necessity act on a supramolecular complex of pore-forming alpha-subunits plus ancillary subunits to alter channel properties.[1]


  1. PKA modulation of Kv4.2-encoded A-type potassium channels requires formation of a supramolecular complex. Schrader, L.A., Anderson, A.E., Mayne, A., Pfaffinger, P.J., Sweatt, J.D. J. Neurosci. (2002) [Pubmed]
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