The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Parathyroid hormone-related protein induction in focal stroke: a neuroprotective vascular peptide.

Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a multifunctional peptide that enhances blood flow in non-central nervous system (CNS) vascular beds by causing vasodilation. PTHrP expression is induced in non-CNS organs in response to ischemia. Experiments were therefore undertaken to determine whether PTHrP can be induced in brain in response to ischemic injury and whether PTHrP can act locally as a vasodilator in the cerebral vasculature, an effect that could be neuroprotective in the setting of stroke. PTHrP expression was examined by Northern analysis and immunohistochemical staining in male Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Vasodilatory effects of superfused PTHrP(1-34) on pial arterioles were determined by intravital fluorescence microscopy. Effects of PTHrP(1-34) peptide administration on MCAO infarction size reduction were assessed. PTHrP expression was induced in the ischemic hemisphere as early as 4 h after MCAO and remained elevated for up to 24 h. Increased immunoreactive PTHrP at sites of ischemic tissue injury was located in the cerebral microvessels. Superfusion with PTHrP(1-34) peptide for up to 25 min increased pial arteriolar diameter by 30% in normal animals. In animals with permanent MCAO, PTHrP(1-34) peptide treatment significantly decreased cortical infarct size (-47%). In summary, PTHrP expression increases at sites of ischemic brain injury in the cerebrovasculature. This local increase in PTHrP could be an adaptive response that enhances blood flow to the ischemic brain, thus limiting cell injury.[1]


  1. Parathyroid hormone-related protein induction in focal stroke: a neuroprotective vascular peptide. Funk, J.L., Migliati, E., Chen, G., Wei, H., Wilson, J., Downey, K.J., Mullarky, P.J., Coull, B.M., McDonagh, P.F., Ritter, L.S. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities