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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel homozygous mutation 371delA in TGM1 leads to a classic lamellar ichthyosis phenotype.

Malformation of the cornified cell envelope (CCE) arising from mutations of the transglutaminase (TGase) 1 gene (TGM1) is the cause of some cases of lamellar ichthyosis (LI). However, genotype/phenotype correlation in TGM1 mutations has not yet been fully clarified. We report a typical case of LI caused by a novel mutation in TGM1. The patient, a 33-year-old woman, showed thick, lamellar scales on the entire body surface. Immunofluorescence labelling with anti-TGase 1 antibodies was negative in the patient's epidermis. In situ TGase activity assay detected markedly reduced TGase activity in granular layers of the patient's epidermis. Electron microscopy revealed incomplete thickening of the CCE during keratinization in the epidermis. Sequencing of the entire exons and exon-intron borders of TGM1 revealed that the patient was a homozygote for a novel deletion mutation 371delA in exon 3. This mutation leads to a frameshift resulting in a premature termination codon 43 bp downstream from the mutation site. According to the protein modelling of TGase 1, the truncated protein from this mutated allele loses the entire catalytic core domain of TGase 1. Thus, the present homozygous mutation is expected to cause total loss of TGase 1 activity, resulting in large, dark, lamellar scales on the entire body, the classic phenotype of LI, in this patient.[1]


  1. A novel homozygous mutation 371delA in TGM1 leads to a classic lamellar ichthyosis phenotype. Akiyama, M., Takizawa, Y., Suzuki, Y., Shimizu, H. Br. J. Dermatol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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