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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Heteromer formation of delta2 glutamate receptors with AMPA or kainate receptors.

The delta2 glutamate receptor (GluRdelta2) is predominantly expressed in the postsynaptic densities of parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapses and plays a crucial role in cerebellar function. However, the mechanisms by which GluRdelta2 participates in cerebellar functions are largely unknown because GluRdelta2 does not bind glutamate analogs. We investigated the possibility that GluRdelta2 may be involved in channel formation together with other glutamate receptor families. We transiently expressed lurcher mutant AMPA receptor GluR1(Lc) and kainate receptor GluR6(Lc) in HEK293 cells. Cells expressing these constitutively active channels displayed a rectifying current-voltage (I-V) relationship. However, when cells were co-transfected with GluRdelta2(Lc), which had the arginine residue in the channel pore region, cells displayed a linear I-V relationship, a result that indicates GluRdelta2(Lc) formed functional heteromeric channels with GluR1(Lc) or GluR6(Lc). Assembly of GluRdelta2 with GluR1 or GluR6 was further confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation assays in HEK293 cells. In addition, GluRdelta2 receptors were partially co-immunoprecipitated from cerebellar synaptosomal fractions by antibodies against GluR2 or KA2. In contrast to lurcher channels, expression of wild-type GluRdelta2 significantly reduced the glutamate- induced current of the wild-type GluR1 receptors without affecting channel properties, such as current kinetics, dose-response relationship, and single-channel conductance. Thus, the heteromeric channel created by the association of wild-type GluR1 and GluRdelta2 may not be gated by glutamate and does not participate in glutamate-induced currents. These results suggest that GluRdelta2 and AMPA or kainate receptors can assemble to form heteromeric receptors in vitro and could modify glutamate signaling in vivo. These findings may help explain the role of GluRdelta2.[1]


  1. Heteromer formation of delta2 glutamate receptors with AMPA or kainate receptors. Kohda, K., Kamiya, Y., Matsuda, S., Kato, K., Umemori, H., Yuzaki, M. Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
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