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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Relationship of anti-GM-CSF antibody concentration, surfactant protein A and B levels, and serum LDH to pulmonary parameters and response to GM-CSF therapy in patients with idiopathic alveolar proteinosis.

BACKGROUND: Conventional measures of the severity of alveolar proteinosis (AP) include alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient ([A - a]DO(2)), vital capacity (VC), and carbon monoxide transfer factor (TLCO), but alternative serological measures have been sought. Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) neutralising autoantibody is found in patients with idiopathic acquired AP. We have investigated the interrelationships between the levels of this antibody and those of surfactant protein (SP)-A and -B, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and conventional measures of disease severity, and the capacity of these parameters to predict the response to rhGM- CSF treatment. METHODS: Blood levels of anti-GM-CSF antibodies, SP-A, SP-B, LDH, and [A - a]DO(2), VC, and TLCO were measured before rhGM- CSF treatment and every 2 weeks thereafter in 14 patients with AP. RESULTS: At baseline, high levels of anti-GM-CSF antibodies and increased SP-A and SP-B levels were seen in all patients, and LDH was raised in 83%. SP-A was highly correlated with [A - a]DO(2), VC, and TLCO (p</=0.02), but other markers were not. Only a normal LDH level was predictive of a response to rhGM- CSF treatment (p=0.03). During treatment a correlation between conventional and serological variables within patients was seen only between SP-A and [A - a]DO(2) (p=0.054), LDH levels and [A - a]DO(2) (p=0.010), and LDH levels and VC (p=0.019). CONCLUSIONS: Of the serological parameters studied, only SP-A and LDH levels were correlated with conventional measures of disease severity, with LDH most accurately reflecting [A - a]DO(2) and vital capacity. Only a normal LDH level predicted a higher likelihood of response to treatment with GM-CSF.[1]


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