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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional characterization of human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A9 variant, D256N, found in Japanese cancer patients.

SN-38 (7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin), an active metabolite of the antitumor prodrug irinotecan, is conjugated and detoxified to SN-38 10-O-beta-d-glucuronide by hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferase ( UGT) 1A1. Recent studies have revealed that other UGT1A isoforms, UGT1A7 and UGT1A9, also participate in SN-38 glucuronidation. Although several genetic polymorphisms are reported for UGT1A1 and UGT1A7 that affect the SN-38 glucuronidation activities, no such polymorphisms have been identified for UGT1A9. In the present study, UGT1A9 exon 1 and its flanking regions were sequenced from 61 Japanese cancer patients who were all treated with irinotecan. A novel nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphism was identified in UGT1A9 exon 1, heterozygous 766G>A resulting in the amino acid substitution of D256N. The wild-type and D256N UGT1A9s were transiently expressed at similar protein levels in COS-1 cells, and their membrane fractions were characterized in vitro for the glucuronidation activities toward SN-38. The apparent Km values were 19.3 and 44.4 microM, and the Vmax values were 2.94 and 0.24 pmol/min/mg of membrane protein for the wild-type and D256N variant, respectively. The SN-38 glucuronidation efficiency (normalized Vmax/Km) of D256N was less than 5% that of wild-type UGT1A9. These results clearly indicate that the D256N variant is essentially nonfunctional with regard to SN-38 glucuronidation. These findings highlight the importance of further studies into the potential influence of UGT1A9 D256N variant to irinotecan metabolism in vivo.[1]


  1. Functional characterization of human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A9 variant, D256N, found in Japanese cancer patients. Jinno, H., Saeki, M., Saito, Y., Tanaka-Kagawa, T., Hanioka, N., Sai, K., Kaniwa, N., Ando, M., Shirao, K., Minami, H., Ohtsu, A., Yoshida, T., Saijo, N., Ozawa, S., Sawada, J. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2003) [Pubmed]
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